Garland, TX

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Garland is a large city northeast of Dallas and is a part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. It is located almost entirely within Dallas County, except for small portions in Collin County. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 226,876, making it the eighty-seventh most populous city in the United States of America and the twelfth most populous city in the state of Texas

In 2008, Garland was ranked #67 on CNN and Money magazine’s list of the “Top 100 Places to Live”.

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  1. 4 beds, 3 full baths
    Home size: 3,285 sq ft
    Lot size: 435 sqft
    Year built: 2017
    Parking spots: 3
  2. 4 beds, 2 full baths
    Home size: 2,233 sq ft
    Lot size: 435 sqft
    Year built: 2017
    Parking spots: 2
  3. 3 beds, 2 full baths
    Home size: 1,340 sq ft
    Lot size: 7,492 sqft
    Year built: 1955
    Parking spots: 1
  4. 3 beds, 2 full baths
    Home size: 1,792 sq ft
    Lot size: 10,018 sqft
    Year built: 1984
    Parking spots: 2
  5. 2 beds, 1 full, 1 half baths
    Home size: 1,020 sq ft
    Lot size: 2,439 sqft
    Year built: 1978
    Parking spots: 1
  6. 3 beds, 2 full baths
    Home size: 1,435 sq ft
    Lot size: 7,230 sqft
    Year built: 1980
    Parking spots: 2

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(all data current as of 5/25/2017)

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History

Immigrants began arriving in the Peters colony area around 1850, but a community wasn’t created until 1874. Two communities sprung up in the area: Embree, named for the physician K. H. Embree, and Duck Creek, named for the local creek of the same name. A rivalry between the two towns ensued as the area began to grow around the Santa Fe Railroad depot. Eventually, to settle a dispute regarding which town should have the local post office, Dallas County Judge Thomas A. Nash asked visiting Congressman Joe Abbott to move the post office between the two towns. The move was completed in 1887. The new location was named Garland after U.S. Attorney General Augustus Hill Garland. Soon after, the towns of Embree and Duck Creek were combined, and the three areas combined to form the city of Garland, which was incorporated in 1891. By 1904 the town had a population of 819 people.

In 1920, local businessmen financed a new electrical generator plant (sold by Fairbanks-Morse) for the town. Out of this was formed Garland Power & Light, the municipal electric provider that still powers the city today.

On May 9, 1927, a devastating tornado destroyed much of the town and killed seventeen people, including the former mayor, S. E. Nicholson.

Businesses began to move back into the area in the late 1930’s. The Craddock food company and later the Byer-Rolnick hat factory (now owned by Resistol) moved into the area. In 1937, KRLD, a major Dallas radio station, built its radio antenna tower in Garland, and it is operational to this day. During World War II, several aircraft plants were operated in the area, and the Kraft Foods company purchased a vacant one after the war for its own use. By 1950, the population of Garland exceeded 10,000 people.

From 1950 to 1954, the Dallas/Garland area suffered from a serious and extended drought. To supplement the water provided by wells, Garland began using the water from the nearby Lake Lavon.

Following World War II, the suburban population boom that the whole country experienced also reached Garland. By 1960, the population nearly quadrupled from the 1950 figure to about 38,500. By 1970, the population had doubled to about 81,500. By 1980, the population reached 138,850. Charles R. Matthews served as mayor in the 1980s; he was later a member of the elected Texas Railroad Commission.

The New 5th Street Crossing Mixed-Use Transit Oriented Development

In 1998, Garland attracted media attention from a failed millennial prophecy advocated by the Chen Tao (“True Way”) group, which predicted that on March 31, 1998, God would be seen on a single television channel all across North America.

City Revival

In the 2000s, Garland added several notable developments, mostly in the northern portion of the city. Hawaiian Falls waterpark opened in 2003 (Garland formerly had a Wet ‘n Wild waterpark, which closed in 1993). The Garland Independent School District’s Special Events Center, an arena and conference facility, opened in 2005, as did Firewheel Town Center, an outdoor mall with more than 100 businesses.

In 2009 the city, in conjunction with the developer Trammell Crow Company, finished a public/private partnership to develop the old courthouse and parking lot (the land between 5th Street, 6th Street and on the North Side of Austin Street) into a new mixed-use, transit oriented development named 5th Street Crossing. Catercorner to both City Hall and the downtown DART Rail station, the project consists of 189 residential apartment units, 11,000 square feet (1,000 m2) of flex retail, and six live-work units.

Geography

Garland is located at 32°54′26″N 96°38′7″W (32.907325, -96.635197).[13] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 57.1 square miles (147.9 km²).

Climate

Garland is part of the humid subtropical region. The average warmest month is July, with the highest recorded temperature being 111 °F (44 °C) in 2000. On average, the coolest month is January, with the lowest recorded temperature was −3 °F (−19 °C) in 1989. The maximum average precipitation occurs in May.

Demographics

As of the 2010 census, there were 226,876 people, 75,696 households, and 56,272 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,973.3 people per square mile (1,534.1/km²). There were 80,834 housing units, at an average density of 1,415.7 per square mile (546.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 57.5% White, 14.5% African American, 0.8% Native American, 9.4% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 14.4% some other race, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 37.8% of the population.

The census of 2010 counted 75,696 households, out of which 36.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were headed by married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99 and the average family size was 3.48.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.

At the 2000 census the median income for a household in the city was $49,156, and the median income for a family was $53,545. Males had a median income of $35,859 versus $29,392 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,000. About 6.8% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

[schoolsearch city=”Garland” state=”TX” groupby=”gradelevel” output=”table”]

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